Energy intake from drink energy intake and foods are presented for men and women in summer and winter ( Dining table 2 ) in order to identify differences between seasons and sex. Regarding differences between seasons drink energy intake was higher in summer (p < 0.001)>
Comparison of time intake off the sources, along with itemized while the times out of products and you can off items, opportunity expenditure projected regarding physical exercise and effort equilibrium on the total try (everyone) during the wintertime and you will summer and effort equilibrium ranging from everyone.
Answers are showed because the mean ± SD with the typically marketed details and also as P50 (P25–P75) to possess skewed of them. p-Values derived from the independent t-shot into typically marketed changeable and you will from Guy-Whitney You-try for the skewed of those. an excellent means contrasting between summer and you may cold temperatures towards total take to (people to one another); b makes reference to evaluations ranging from people for the cold temperatures; c refers to contrasting ranging from women and men during the summer.
Seasons differences in take in times intake was indeed noticed for groups of drinks, but juice. Eg, milk/chocolates dairy coffees/java beverages and you may SSDs contribute a whole lot more opportunity when you look at the winter season. But not, during the summer liquor contribute highest times than in wintertime ( Table 3 ).
Table step 3
Comparison of your energy intake off groups of beverages on the overall try during the cold weather and you can june and you can between folks.
All the parameters is exhibited while the P50 (P25–P75). p-Values derived from Mann-Whitney You-test to your skewed variables. a good relates to reviews ranging from summer and you can cold temperatures towards the complete try (gents and ladies together); b refers to comparisons between men and women in the cold temperatures; c identifies reviews ranging from people during the summer.
The new contribution out-of chosen drinks in order to complete energy intake was juxtaposed on their contribution in order to intake of water ( Table 4 ). It seems that coffee, milk/chocolates milk products and you will alcohol could be the fundamental contributors for energy consumption from inside the cold temperatures and also in summer, taking 79.5% and you may 69.5% of take in time intake when you look at the winter months plus in june. Food considering, when you look at the winter and june, correspondingly, up to 78% and you can 74% away from full opportunity consumption, if you’re beverages 22% and you will 26%. This may be next assessed, provided categories of drinks. The main contributors so you’re able to opportunity consumption was in fact dairy/delicious chocolate milk, coffee/coffees beverages and you may alcoholic beverage given, correspondingly, in cold temperatures 29.6%, thirty-five.7% and you will 12.2% as well as in june 23.3%, twenty-two.2% and you will 24% from take in energy intake. Liquid, SSDs, tea/natural infusions, and you will milkshakes/sherbets contributed faster energy so you’re able to every day consumption ( Desk 4 ).
Dining table 4
Sum off beverages overall drinking habits (TWI), overall energy gГјzel SД±rpГ§a bayanlar intake (TEI), drink water intake (DWI) and you may take in times intake (DEI) during winter months and you can summer.
A detailed demonstration away from use of “SSDs” could be of interest because it shows in detail this new contribution of numerous drinks. Use of SSDs contains good fresh fruit nectar which have sugar (32%), sodas which have glucose (63%) and energy/isotonic drinks (5%); use of ‘fruit juice 100%’ contains good fresh fruit juice (50%), and you may out-of packed fruit juice 100% in the place of glucose posts (50%); the consumption of ‘tea/organic infusions’ contains tea (69%), and other herbal infusions (31%), the intake of ‘milk/chocolate milk’ contains milk (81%), delicious chocolate dairy (6%) and you will cocoa drink (13%); and also the use of ‘alcoholic drinks’ contains beer (43%), wine (46%) and other form of alcohol (11%).
The correlation between the contribution of drinks to water intake and to energy in winter and summer was linear (Pearson’s r = 0.713, p < 0.001>